Cambodia: Enhancing Climate Resilience of Rural Communities Living in Protected Areas of Cambodia (Project concept; UNEP; KHM/MIE/Food/2011/1; US $4,915,362)
Having considered the comments and recommendations of the Project and Programme Review Committee, the Adaptation Fund Board decided to:
(a) Not endorse the project concept, as supplemented by the clarification response provided by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to the request made by the technical review;
(b) Request that UNEP reformulate the proposal taking into account the following:
(i) The project design should be expanded to represent a comprehensive approach to landscape management in order to achieve adaptation benefits for communities, drawing on the stated preferences of the communities, and addressing also: (i) the sustainability of the approach and (ii) earlier experience in the region with such approaches;
(ii) The proposal should elaborate on the expected impact of the proposed project outside the immediate target community protected areas (CPAs), through the above-mentioned landscape-level ecosystem management and through changes in stakeholder behaviour and arrangements related to, for example, forest law enforcement and land tenure;
(iii) The proposal should consider including ways to strengthen the currently weak knowledge base of climate change impacts on landscapes and production systems, for example, through simple ways of monitoring the impacts of project activities on the outlined adaptation challenges;
(iv) The proposal should assess whether and what kind of input is needed for the establishment of home gardens, which form a part of the traditional culture and have been established without external incentives, considering that offering financial subsidies to such activity might undermine sustainability and stakeholder commitment; and
(v) The proposal should re-assess its scaling up strategy, to be able to draw on the project results, and base any recommendation on the adaptation impact foreseen.
(c) Request UNEP to transmit the observations referred to under item (b) above to the Government of Cambodia.