Modern food systems are complex, and there are many points along the supply chains, from production to consumption, that are vulnerable to disruption. Due to the wide-reaching effects of climate change, these systems are becoming vulnerable to increasing disruptions. Ensuring food security is not only a matter of helping farmers adapt to the changing climate, but also of helping governments craft policies and develop institutions that will provide them with the capacities to manage this multifaceted aspect of modern society in the face of future threats.
The level of area risk due to climate change associated with the disaster level in the Saddang Watershed area shows that 93% of villages in the watershed are vulnerable to climate change. Increased rainfall caused various disasters in watershed area, which is recorded as
Over recent decades, Lesotho has experienced an increased frequency, duration and magnitude of weather phenomena and extreme events, including prolonged dry spells, recurrent droughts, intense rainfall, localised floods, heavy as well as early and late snowfall, hailstorms and strong winds. The projected changes in climatic conditions by 2030, 2050 and 2080 show there will be
Climate change has intensified coral bleaching events and mortality in Mauritius and Seychelles over recent decades. Climate change projections predict that global coral bleaching events will increase in frequency and intensity. To reduce the adverse impact of climate change on local communities and coral reef-dependent economic sectors in Mauritius and Seychelles, the project will increase
In West Africa, climate change is manifested through various facts. According to the 5th Evaluation Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), temperatures observed in West Africa have increased over the past 50 years. It was noted that the number of cold days and