Coastal Zone Management

Costal areas are home to the highest concentration of human populations, highlighting the need to help people living in these areas adapt. The combination of rising sea levels, coastal erosion, and extreme weather events, such as tropical cyclones, means that coastal areas will be particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. How communities adapt depends on the context of the area. In some cases, ecosystem-based adaptation measures like mangrove reforestation may be appropriate, while in urban contexts, physical infrastructure options such as sea walls may be the most efficient means of protecting the people and businesses in coastal zones.

Reducing vulnerability and increasing resilience of coastal communities in the Saloum Islands (Dionewar)


Climate change and climate variability are impeding development efforts on Dionewar Island on the west coast of Senegal. Under the combined effects of climate change and human activities, over 38% of the mangrove swamp in the Saloum estuary has disappeared according to the estimates. This degradation has led to significant ecological and economic losses. One

Enhancing the Climate Change Resilience of Vulnerable Island Communities in Federated States of Micronesia

Micronesia, Federated States of - Asia-Pacific

The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), a group of approximately 600 islands, is located near the Equator about 4,000 km southwest of the Hawaiian Islands in the Western Pacific Ocean. Areas of small island countries, such as the FSM, exceed well over 5000 mm of precipitation annually which makes them some of the wettest places

(Approved project) An integrated approach to physical adaptation and community resilience in Antigua and Barbuda’s northwest McKinnon’s watershed

Antigua and Barbuda

This project concept has been later approved as a fully-developed project proposal. Learn more >

Adaptation to the Impacts of Climate Change on Peru’s Coastal Marine Ecosystem and Fisheries

Peru - LAC

Peru sustains the most productive fisheries in the world, yielding nearly 10% of world's fish catch. The main driving factor for this enormous productivity is the physical and chemical characteristics of its coastal upwelling, which allow the efficient growth of primary producers, high survival rates of larvae and the efficient trophic transfer to foraging fish

(Approved project) Reducing vulnerability and increasing resilience of coastal communities in the Saloum Islands (Dionewar)

Senegal - Africa

This project concept has been later approved as a fully-developed project proposal. Learn more >

Conservation and Management of Coastal Resources as a Potential Adaptation Strategy for Sea Level Rise

India - Asia-Pacific

The Krishna delta, home to about 4.5 million people, is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh on the southeast coast of India. The project region is highly vulnerable to the predicted changes in the climatic condition and sea level rise and associated extreme events such as cyclones and floods. The cumulative effect of sea level rise

Belize Marine Conservation and Climate Adaptation Project

Belize - LAC

The coastal zones of Belize are critical to its economy, as the livelihoods of fishers, other resource extactors, and the tourism sector, relies upon these ecosystems. It will also be a zone affected by climate-induced increased storm surges. This project’s objective is to implement priority ecosystem-based marine conservation and climate adaptation measures to strengthen

Reduction of Vulnerability to Coastal Flooding through Ecosystem-based Adaptation in the South of Artemisa and Mayabeque Provinces

Cuba - LAC

This project focuses specifically on an 84 km long stretch of coastline between Punta Sucia and Punta Mora in the western provinces of Artemisa and Mayabeque, covering 6 municipalities. This coastline, which lies on the Gulf of Batabanó, is comprised of a large coastal wetland area based on clay and terrestrial deposits, dominated by mangroves.

Adaptation of Cotonou Lagoon Ecosystems and Human Communities to Sea Level Rise and Extreme Weather Events Impacts


Enhancing Resilience of Samoa’s Coastal Communities to Climate Change

Samoa - Asia-Pacific

Samoa is a least-developed country and small island developing state that is highly vulnerable to extreme events including tropical cyclones, drought and flooding. The programme aims "to strengthen the ability of Samoan communities and public services to make informed decisions and manage likely climate change-driven pressures in a proactive, integrated and strategic manner."   The bulk