Coastal Zone Management

Costal areas are home to the highest concentration of human populations, highlighting the need to help people living in these areas adapt. The combination of rising sea levels, coastal erosion, and extreme weather events, such as tropical cyclones, means that coastal areas will be particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. How communities adapt depends on the context of the area. In some cases, ecosystem-based adaptation measures like mangrove reforestation may be appropriate, while in urban contexts, physical infrastructure options such as sea walls may be the most efficient means of protecting the people and businesses in coastal zones.

Enhancing Climate Change Resilience of Coastal Communities of Zanzibar

Tanzania, United Republic of - Africa

In Zanzibar, one of the two countries that form the United Republic of Tanzania (URT), climate variability has caused prolonged dry periods and unpredictable rainfall pattern making crop cultivation unproductive. Freshwater resources are also in limited supply mainly dependent on seasonal rains that store water in inefficient groundwater aquifers consisting of freshwater lenses floating on